Category Archives: Retirement Income

Estimating Savings Required for Retirement

A general rule is that you should be saving 10% of your salary for retirement. Because everyone’s situation is different, how do you know if this is too much or not enough. How does your pension, CPP and OAS affect this number? The spreadsheet combines two of the most popular posts to help answer this question. More

Comparing an Annuity to a RRIF or a LIF

If you have a defined contribution pension, when you retire you must convert it into either an annuity or a Life Income Fund. If you have an RRSP you must convert it to an annuity or a RRIF. What is best for you? This post and spreadsheet will help you evaluate your options. More

FinanceBase-Lifetime Finances, More Than a Retirement Calculator

If you want more than the simple retirement calculators that you can find online, explore the lifetime finances planner discussed in this post. It is feature-rich but is easy to use that uses your expenses, income and assets to provide a cash flow and asset movement from now until up to 45 years past retirement. Charts make it easy to see if you have shortfalls in any years and if your assets will last during your lifetime. You can make changes in any year and try various “what-ifs” to see the impact. More

Estimating How Much You Need In Retirement

How much do you really need to retire? Are you one of the majority that either have a large number in mind or do not know? It may not be as bad as you think. What you need is an estimate of your expenses when you retire based on what you spend today, have an understanding of where your retirement income will come from and how you will use your savings. A spreadsheet is provided that will help you and it only takes a few minutes to fill in. You can try different values for capital, interest rates, inflation rate and withdrawal amounts. More

When to Take the CPP – What Is Involved?

If you have worked in Canada you will have contributed to the Canada Pension Plan (CPP). You have some control over when to take and how much of a CPP retirement pension you will receive when you reach age 60. This post summarizes what you need to know and do and provides links to more details. More

When to Take the CPP – Factors Involved

Before deciding when to take your Canada Pension Plan retirement pension you need to consider the impact of a number of factors that affect how much you will receive. These include the age-dependent increase in yearly payment provided, drop-outs, inflation, marginal taxes, the break-even age and survival probability. More

When to Take the CPP – Spreadsheets

The downloadable Excel spreadsheets described in this post can be used to determine when to take your Canada Pension Plan retirement pension. Once you copy your CPP Statement of Contributions into the table provided, a macro can be run that fills in the drop-outs and removals. Yearly payments, break-even ages and cumulative payments at various ages plus many charts will give you an insight as to when to take the CPP for your circumstances. You can also set inflation and marginal tax rates.
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Life Expectancy and Survival Probability

Life expectancy is a key factor in a number of decisions required when you approach retirement. For example, should you delay taking the Canada Pension Plan pension or the Old Age Security payment? You need to feel comfortable that you will be alive to take a delayed pension and, for example with the CPP if you will be alive at the break-even age. More

Nortel Pension Settlement – Deferred Pension

About one-quarter of the 13,000 Nortel pensioners that are members of the Nortel Managerial and Non-Negotiated Pension Plan (Reg. 0342048) must take a Deferred Pension in the form of a Locked-In Retirement Account (LIRA). Before age 71 the LIRA must be converted to an annuity or to a Life Income Fund (LIF). The references, comments and spreadsheet provided in this post may be of some assistance in making the choice. It is also of use for others who need to compare an annuity against a LIF when converting the LIRA. More

Nortel Pension Settlement Options – Annuity vs LIF

There are some 13,000 Nortel pensioners that are members of the Nortel Managerial and Non-Negotiated Pension Plan (Reg. 0342048). The settlement of this plan provides members in some provinces with the option of either receiving the default of an annuity or taking the commuted value and converting it into a Life Income Fund (LIF). The references, comments and spreadsheet provided in this post may be of some assistance in making the choice. It is also of use for others who need to compare an annuity against a LIF. More

The Minimum RRSP You Should Have

If you will not have a low income when retired and if you will not have other pension income, you should have at least $40,000 in RRSPs when you reach age 71. This ensures that the first $2,000 of payouts makes use of the $2,000 Federal Pension Income Amount non-refundable tax credit. More

You Need to Look at Your RRIF Withdrawals

With the 2015 Canadian Federal budget, the minimum payout rates for Registered Retirement Income Funds (RRIF) have been reduced significantly. If you only withdraw this amount each year you might have a much larger capital than you expect when you reach your 90s. If you do not want so much left as an inheritance with the resulting large income taxes you may want to increase your withdrawals. More

Setting TFSA and RRIF Withdrawals

Setting TFSA and RRIF Withdrawals 3When you retire, or if you are already retired, and you have TFSA and RRSP/RRIF, you will want to set your withdrawals to match your income needs. You should also manage how your capital is being depleted. The spreadsheet provided offers options for doing both. More

Calculating TFSA and RRSP Totals at Retirement

Calculating TFSA and RRSP Totals at Retirement 3If you have been putting money into an RRSP and/or TFSA over the years, have you ever projected how much you will have when you retire? If you are just starting, what will you have if you save some money each year? This is important because it will determine what is available for a yearly income when you retire. The spreadsheet provided lets you try out different options. The results may surprise you as even a small amount of savings each year combined with compounding can really add up. More

TFSA and RRSP – Providing a Fixed Retirement Income Using 2015 Rates

TFSA and RRSP - Providing a Fixed Retirement Income2015 1This post describes a spreadsheet that you can download that shows how you can use RRSPs and TFSAs to generate a fixed retirement income each year. You will probably have a number of both RRSPs and TFSAs due to the restrictive amount of money you can invest in the TFSA. Knowing what they can provide as income before the capital is exhausted is critical to retirement planning.  More

TFSA or RRSP – Impact of Reinvesting the Tax Refund Using 2015 Rates

TFSA or RRSP - Impact of Reinvesting the Tax Refund 2As shown in this post the RRSP tax refund must be fully reinvesting each year if the RRSP is to provide the same income and close to the same capital during retirement compared to a TFSA. Even then, the TFSA is a better retirement option. The spreadsheet used for this analysis can be downloaded so you can try out different conditions such as your own province, marginal tax rate and reinvestment strategy. A major difference between a TFSA and a RRSP is that the RRSP is tax deductible while the TFSA is not and that the RRSP generates a tax refund which depends on your marginal tax rate. More

RRIF Minimum Payout – 2015 Rates

RRIF Minimum Payout - 2015 Rates 1
In the 2015 Federal Budget, the minimum payout rates for Registered Retirement Income Funds (RRIF) have been reduced significantly so that capital can be preserved for a longer period of time. This post updates a previous one that uses the old rates. An updated spreadsheet can be downloaded that provides tables and charts that show the impact on capital of the minimum payout for different starting RRIF capital, interest rate and marginal tax rate and includes the impact inflation. More